Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives on Contact Languages by Magnus Huber (Editor), Viveka Velupillai (Editor)

By Magnus Huber (Editor), Viveka Velupillai (Editor)

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Additional info for Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives on Contact Languages (Creole Language Library, Volume 32)

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St. Augustine, Trinidad: Society for Caribbean Linguistics. 38–45. Census 1991. County Report Suffolk. (Pt1) Table 7. OPCS. Census 2001. Population and migration: Ethnic group 2001. Online report, Table KS06P. uk. Accessed 6 March 2004. Chambers, J. K. 1992. Dialect acquisition. 4. 673–705. J. and Foulkes, P. 1999. Derby and Newcastle: instrumental phonetics and variationist studies. In Foulkes, P. and Docherty, G. (eds). Urban voices: Accent studies in the British Isles. London: Arnold. 46–71.

Bεlε/ /arata/ /ptpt/ /krkr/ ‘belly’ ‘rat, mouse’ ‘mud’ ‘skin disease’ b. d. f. h. /broko/ /tranga/ /sansan/ /pεtεtε/ ‘broken’ ‘strong’ ‘sand’ ‘potato’ Advocates of the phonological influence of West African substrate languages on Atlantic creoles (including Krio) have further argued that the apparent universal nature of the inventory of segments and phonological processes observed in Atlantic creoles in reality reflect the phonological properties of West African substrate languages, primarily as a result of direct transfer of these properties into the pidgins (used initially as a second language) that eventually evolved into creoles.

H. /tap/ /pit/ /prεd/ /trit/ ‘stop’ ‘spit’ ‘spread’ ‘street’ There are exceptions to this though. The vowels of some lexical items originating in English have undergone minor pronunciation changes while the pronunciations of consonants in the onset clusters have remained unchanged. They include words like: shrimp, shrink, square, scared, spanner, spider, speed, skin, school, etc. Nevertheless, cluster reduction in onsets in Krio (and possibly other creoles), when applied, is apparently triggered by the presence of an extra syllabic /s/, which is deleted in the process regardless of the number of segments in the onset.

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